Chamberlain was trained in Birmingham. After a successful career in economics, he was appointed Lord Mayor of Birmingham in 1915. In 1916, Lloyd George appointed him director general of the Department of Public Services, but disagreements between them led Chamberlain to resign. In 1918 Chamberlain was elected to the Conservative parliament for Ladywood in Birmingham. He was both Chancellor of the Exchequer (1923-1924) and Minister of Health (1923, 1924-1929, 1931). In 1937, he succeeded Stanley Baldwin as Prime Minister. Amid cheering crowds at Heston Airport on September 30, 1938, Dimbleby observes the historic moment when Chamberlain waved the paper purported to be the peace agreement signed by Adolf Hitler. Chamberlain gets off the plane on the asphalt and informs the waiting masses who greet him with a hero before heading to Whitehall. Foreign Affairs Minister Viscount Halifax and Rt Hon Leslie Hore-Belisha, Minister of War, are also in attendance. Chamberlain had escaped the trap set for him by his political rivals. True to form, many interpreted the Munich Agreements on what it meant to their own perspectives. Some feared that Chamberlain would declare an early general election, in which he would go wild to win. A panicked Churchill explored building an alliance with Labour, Liberals and Conservative rebels, suggesting that a commitment to the League of Nations and “collective security” could form the basis of a joint campaign.
When Macmillan protested, “This is not our jargon,” Churchill thought, “This is jargon that we all need to learn!” The Munich agreement was concluded only with the Sudeten Germans. Of the 2 million Germans who live in Bohemia and Moravia, he said nothing. Hitler moved to place it under German control. September 29-30, 1938 – Britain, France, Germany and Italy meet in Munich. It was essential that Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union were not present. The four countries accepted the German occupation of the Sudetenland from 1 to 10 October. German troops occupy the Sudetenland. Britain and France have adopted a policy of appeasement.
Neville Chamberlain returned to Britain and claimed that he had made peace in our time.